Scandalizing Desire: Eleanor of Aquitaine and the Chroniclers. What Ever Happened to Eleanor? The Eleanor of Aquitaine Vase. Fontevraud, Dynasticism, and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Back Matter Pages About this book Introduction Eleanor's patrilineal descent, from a lineage already prestigious enough to have produced an empress in the eleventh century, gave her the lordship of Aquitaine.
But marriage re-emphasized her sex which, in the medieval scheme of gender-power relations relegated her to the position of Lady in relation to her Lordly husbands.
Wilson, Memoirs of Illustrious Persons, , thus relates the afiair; "The Duke having tempted her, and carried her to his lodgings, in Whitehall, kept her there some time, and then returned her to her father. The Eari of Rutland was only fifty-two when he died in These anecdotes are introduced upon competent authority ; and the character of the Duke of Buckingham renders, it more than probable, that some such transactions might have taken place ; though not to the extent, nor in the manner, assumed by Wilson. In , Francis, Earl of Rutland, was one of the sup- porters to king Charles, as chief mourner at the funeral of his father, James L ; and in , we find him attending at Windsor, in honour of the installation of the Earl of Northampton, with five of his principal domestics.
See monuments in ditto. By her first marriage she had George, second Duke of Buckingham, who took the title of Ros, of Hamlake ; but dying without issue, in , that title again reverted to the Rutland family. Arms — Ancient, sable, a fess between three cinque foils, argent Modem. Argent, on a cross, gules, five escallops, or.
The history of this transaction is so remarkable, especially as a proof of the then prevalent belief in witch- craft, that the substance of a pamphlet pubUshed at the time will be given. Besides, of late days, her very counte- nance was estranged, her eyes very fiery and hollow, her speech fell and envious, her demeanour strange and exotic, and her con- versation sequestered ; so that the whole course of her life gave great suspicion, that she was a notorious witch ; yea, some of her neighbours dared to affirm, that she dealt with familiar spirits; and terrified them all with curses and threatening of revenge, if there were never so little cause of displeasure and unkindness.
Concerning Margaret, the daughter, that she often resorted from the castle to her mother, bringing such provision, as they thought was unbefitting for a servant to purloin; and coming at such unseasonable hours, that they could not but conjecture some mischief between them : and that their extraordinary riot and expenses tended both to rob the lady, and to maintain certain deboist and base company, which frequented this Joan Flower's house the mother, and especially her youngest daughter.
Eld, for J. These complaints began many years before either their conviction or public apprehension. This inflamed the mother, with hatred and rancour towards the Earl, and his family. Upon this, they agree, and as it should seem give away their souls to the service of such spirits, as he had promised them ; which filthy conditions were ratified with abominable kisses, and an odious sacrifice of bloody not leaving out certain charms and conjurations, with which the devil deceived them, as though nothing could be done without ceremony, and a solemnity of orderly ratification.
By this time, doth sathan triumph, and goeth away satisfied to have caught such fish in the net of his illusions : by this time, are these women devils incarnate, and grow proud again in their cunning and arti- ficial power, to do what mischief they listed. By this time, they have learnt the manner of incantations, spells, and charms. By this time, is the Earl and his family threatened, and must feel the burthen of a terrible tempest, which, by these women's devilish devices, fell upon him ; he neither suspecting nor understanding the same.
By this time, both himself and his honourable Countess, are many times subject to sickness and extraordinary convulsions; which they, taking as gentle corrections from the hand of God, submit with quietness to his mercy, and study nothing more than to glorify their Creator in heaven, and bear his crosses on earth.
His next, named Francis, Lord Rosse accordingly, was severely tormented by them, and most barba- rously, and inhumanly tortured by a strange sickness. Not long after, the Lady Catherine was set upon by their dangerous and devilish practices; and many times in great danger of life, through extreme maladies and unusual fits, nay, as it should seem, and they afterwards confessed both the Earl and his Countess were brought into their snares, as they imagined, and indeed determined to keep them from having any more children.
Oh unheard of wickedness and mischievous damnation! Notwithstanding all this, did the noble Eari attend his majesty, both at Newmarket, before Christmas ; and at Christmas, at Whitehall ; bearing the loss of his children most nobly ; and little suspecting that they had miscarried by witchcraft, or such like inventions of the devil; until it pleased God to discover the villanous practices of these women, and to connnand the devil from executing any fiirther vengeance on innocents, but leave them to their shames, and the hands of justice, that they might not only be confounded for their villanous practices, but remain as a notorious example to all ages, of his judgment and fury.
Thus were they apprehended, about Christmas, and carried to Lincoln gaol ; after due examination before sufficient justices of the peace, and discreet magistrates, who wondered at their audacious wickedness. But Joan Flower, the mother, before her conviction, as they say, called for bread and butter, and wished it might never go through her, if she were guilty of that whereupon she was examined ; so, mimibling it in her mouth, never spake more words after; but fell down and died, as she was carried to Lincoln gaol, with a horrible excruciation of soul and body, and was buried at Ancaster.
When the Earl heard of their apprehension, he hasted down with his brother, Sir George, and sometimes examined them him- self, and sometimes sending them to others ; at last, left them to the trial of law, before the judges of assize at Lincoln ; and so they were convicted of murder, and executed accordingly, about the eleventh of March ; to the terror of all the beholders, and example of such dissolute and abominable creatures.
His brother Francis survived till March 7, That these wo- men were guilty of the murder of two noble children ; and attempted the Uves of the Earl and Countess, and their daughter Catharine, can be Uttle doubted: by the means probably of some vegetable poison. The principal charge against them, on their own confession, was, their having a cat called Rutterkin ; the supposed diabolical agent of their machinations.
With regard to Joan Flower, the mother, she appears to have been goaded by a revengeful spirit, which assumed the peculiar medium of witchcraft, fi:om no inclination at first, on her part, to beUeve herself a witch. But our ancestors, two hundred years ago, appreciated peculiar characters, by a less circuitous induction from par- ticulars. Nor is it siuprising, that the person, whose feelings were most interested, should thus believe ; when the same conviction was entertained by the magistrates, who examined these miserable wcnnen, and according to the pamphlet, by the judges, who tried and condemned them.
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Joan Flower, the mother, died as above stated, at Ancaster, in her way to Lincoln. The au- thority for this fact is the register of the church. George, the next brother, who had been knighted in Ireland, in , by Robert, Earl of Essex, lord lieutenant, for his bravery against the rebels, became, in , the seventh Earl. In July, , he was honoured with a visit at Belvoir from king Charles, who, while there, knighted Edward Hartopp, of Buckminster.
He died March 29, , vdthout issue. We now return to John Manners, Esq. Arms — Argent, on a bend sable 3 roses of the field barbed and seeded proper J Vernon. Arms — Argent, a fret sable. The period in which this Earl lived, is the most painfully interesting of our national history. Of the personal disposition pf Charles I, and his sincere desire in the main, for the welfare of his kingdom, no person of reason and moderation would judge otherwise than favourably.
A 'mArgent 3 lozenges conjoined in fes5, gules, within a bordure sable. Besides his blindness to the altered position in which the sovereign of this country stood, relatively to his subjects ; and the licence of opinion, which a former feeble reign had encouraged; it was Charles' melancholy misfortune to be surrounded by those, who seemed not only as blinded as himself, but disposed for their own ambitious and interes- ted purposes, to recommend more harsh vindications of the royal authority, than Charles' own kindliness of disposition left to itself, would have suggested.
Of these persons, the accomplished, but mischievous and profligate Duke of Buckingham was the most dangerously active adviser. He perceived too well, that the royal favour directed almost exclusively to himself, protected him not fix m the impatient contempt of the ancient nobility ; who found themselves not merely neglected, but oppressed in almost every way, to satisfy the imperious ambition of the upstart favourite. The first two parliaments of this reign were abruptly dissolved at his suggestion; and "intimation afterwards given that Charles would account it presumption, for any to prescribe any time to his majesty for parliaments : which words were generally interpreted, as if no more assemblies of that nature were to be expected, and that all men were prohibited by the penalty of censure, so much as to speak of a parliament.
Money was thenceforward levied throughout the kingdom, by merely the authority of the king ; and exacted with that rigour, that several persons of prime quality, who doubted the legality of the impost, or reftised payment, were impri- soned imder circumstances of great severity. Of the immense sums thus illegally collected a very inconsiderable portion ever found its way into the exchequer. The reproach of oppressive exactions fell upon the king; their profit came to other nxeo.
In conse- quence of this decisive step on the part of the Earl of Rutland, the Castle of Belvoir and its neighbourhood, were involved for a considerable time in all the calamities of war. Mason, the rector of Asbwell, who appeared personally in arms, as the captain of an independent company : and who, in a parliamentary newspaper, Oct 14, , was styled Captain Mason, the commander in chief of the fen robbers.
Two of these imprisonments were at Nottingham, for using the common prayer in private families.
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Mercurius Aulicus, p. Again, in the Perfect Diurnal, Feb.
Only, about two miles beyond Stamford, toward Grantham, some four hundred club-men coming to the aid of the cavaliers, and having killed some of our colonel's scouts, he sent three or four troops of horse, to meet and encounter them; who at the first onset, had almost slain one of the captains of one of our said troops, so furiously they fell upon ours, at the first ; whereupon, ours, being instantly much enraged, fell very fiercely upon them, and had quickly slain about fifty of them, and forced the rest to fly into a great wood, hard by them, for their lives," Vicars, p.
On the 16th of October, the Earl of Rutland took the solemn league and covenant An express from Belvoir Castle, thus details an enterprise undertaken Nov. With these he marched away on Sunday last, in the evening, Nov. The business was done as handsomely, as any one service since the beginning of the rebellion : for first, they took all the commanders, viz. But above all, they took prisoners, the right worshipful the committee, consisting of Mr. Staveley, Master Haslerig, and captain Hacker, the last of which three had made a yow, to pistol his oum brother, because he was loyal and refused to turn rebel ; but was himself now at his brother's mercy, who had the fortune here to take him prisoner.
All which they brought safe to Belvoir Castle, to the great ease and benefit of the country, which had been much oppressed by these new masters, that might have taken warning of this valiant colonel, when he beat up their quarters at Clauston, before their farewell to Melton Mowbray. This seasonable dissolving the committee of Leicester, makes other committees more active and vigilant.
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Colonel Lucas, also, was sorely cut over the face with a sword ; and had not his horse been better than himself, he had been at that time taken prisoner. And, upon a jsecond charge. Colonel Wayte so bravely bestirred himself, with his valiant associates, that though he had his horse shot under him, and his lieutenant shot in the thigh ; yet, they carried it on so resolutely, that his enemies betook themselves to their heels, and ran away ; in the pursuit of whom, even to Belvoir Castle, they slew divers of them, took about sixty of their horse, forty-six prisoners, many arms, recovered the greatest part of the prey from them, wounded many of those that fled ; and all this without the loss of any one man of theirs, and but three wounded.